Why January 1 falls on this and not on the next day of the year?

It's not even the beginning of the beginning of a new year( although this is also interesting - why year begins on this day, for example, used in Russia, and now in other countries, the new year starts at a different time of year.).The question is, why sometime it is this day of the year decided to take the first number.Why is this winter's day better than any other - winter, spring or autumn?

  • Ряба Way in Europe generally do not have such cold weather, I do not know what Peter was thinking, when the "cut through a window to Europe" 18 November 2016
  • Ряба New Year was and 21 March. 18 November 2016
  • Ряба Da-da March, spring is the best time for N.G.1 of March or 21 March but not on January 1st.Therefore invented a family holiday in the Russian Nezavisimaya Gazeta that are cold and do not want to go.And like a family should not be on any other day to sit at home.Family and so every day and without NG 18 November 2016
  • il63 Once in Russia year it begins March 1.But the question is something else: why January 1( or 1 March, or August 1, or any other date) falls on this day.When it decided?That is why, for example, on January 1 does not have a different day of the year, and it is this?It does not matter what style.What is new that the old January 1( or any other day) "nailed" by a certain day.On this day, the Earth is at a certain point in its orbit.So, once we decided that the first number is just from this day, not a week or month.Why so? 18 November 2016
  • il63 Then the same question: why this day was called "March 21"?Instead, for example, 16 of April?How to choose the starting point? 18 November 2016
  • Ряба Because in this day astronomical event.Go through the points of the ecliptic of the Sun, equinox.From here, the report and were the people before, while Peter had not intervened, the fall is still possible to 22 September, there is also an equinox. 18 November 2016
  • il63 Then on that day had to be the first number.A to Peter the New Year did not start 22th and March 1st.In the Byzantine Empire until the end of the XIV century beginning of the year is the 1st of March. 18 November 2016
  • Ряба March 1 because e 1 start of the month.It is better to March 1 instead of January 1st.In Europe, there is the cal frost, which in severe frosts NG. 18 November 2016
  • il63 The same question: why on March 1 had it for the day of the year? 18 November 2016
  • il63 That is Peter new year decided to install in the cold, and all other countries, too, ordered in Europe?But the question is not about the beginning of the year. 18 November 2016
  • Ряба Peter with such frosts does not sign him in the frost did not have to go, and therefore came up with the coldest day of the New Year. 18 November 2016
  • Алекс-89 In my opinion, celebrate January 1 New Year is not the best solution.For example, say someone is the phrase "It was winter, such a year" - and sit here, think of when exactly it happened, in what month in January and February?Or, in December?
    March 1 to start the new year, in my opinion, the best option.
    18 November 2016